The Federal Association of Ecological Wineries in Germany, based in Oppenheim(Rhineland-Palatinate), was founded in 1985 by twenty organic winegrowers from the Rhinehesse, Palatinate, Moselle and Baden growing regions. At that time it called itself "Bundesverband ökologischer Weinbau e. V" (Federal Association of Organic Viniculture). ECOVIN is the only German winegrowers' association with exclusively organic (ecological) viticulture
There are regional associations in the individual growing regions, whose 250 member companies cultivate around 1,900 hectares of vineyards. This makes ECOVIN the largest association specialising in viticulture not only in Germany but also worldwide. All products, such as grapes, grape juice, wine and sparkling wine, are 100% organic. The wines produced according to these rules comply with the EU Eco-Regulation and can be declared and marketed as organic wines (eco-wines).
For plant protection and fertilization, chemical-synthetic sprays (all pesticides) and fertilizers are in principle not allowed. Fertilization is done with compost and in the form of green seeds(greening). Genetic engineering or genetically manipulated plants are rejected. Instead of chemical pest control, beneficial organisms are used and thus the biodiversity (species diversity) of plants and animals is preserved. Furthermore, low-pollutant raw materials are to be used and closed production cycles are to be aimed for. The winegrowers will be certified on the basis of the EU organic regulation and according to the even stricter ECOVIN guidelines and will be inspected annually. The association actively supports research in the field of plant protection and grape variety breeding and offers professional training and support in organic winegrowing. ECOVIN is a member of the German umbrella organisation BÖLW. See also under organic (ecological) viticulture.