The wine-growing village in the Wachau wine-growing region in Lower Austria was mentioned as early as 1347 and is known as the "Pearl of the Wachau". Dürnstein also became famous as the place where the English King Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) was imprisoned. The cadastral municipality of Dürnstein also includes the communities of Oberloiben and Unterloiben, with which a vineyard area of about 200 hectares results. The mostly very steeply terraced vineyards are located on the slopes of the left bank of the Danube. White wines are produced to 90% mainly from the varieties Riesling, Grüner Veltliner, Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay.