Designation for the propagation result of vines (or also other plants) and/or likewise for the shoot previously buried in the earth required for this. Synonyms are Abbieger, Ableger, Einleger, Fächsling, Frischling, Hund, Murmel, Neuling, Nickling and Schwanzrebe. The ancient method was already described by the Roman wine author Columella (1st century AD). Before the phylloxera plague, this was a frequently practiced form of vegetative propagation of vines, especially in dry locations. In this process, a long shoot of a vine is lowered to the ground and buried at normal planting depth. The tip is bent up and brought back up. This practice is also known as bending, kissing or marcotting (French: Marcottage). The result is a genetically 100% identical vine (a clone) that remains connected to the mother plant until it has taken root and established itself in the new location.
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Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)