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The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Dameret Noir, Durbec, Foirard Noir, Gros Bec, Luisant Noir, Noir de Lorraine, Noir Facan, Noirgot, Pinot Rouge, Simoro, Simorot and Valais Noir. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Pinot x Gouais Blanc. It should not be confused with the Dameret or Gros Bec varieties due to apparent synonyms or morphological similarities. This early-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to both types of powdery mildew. It produces rich red wines with a Pinot Noir/Gamay-like aroma. The variety is grown in small quantities in the north-east of France in the departments of Aube, Jura and Haute-Marne. However, no stocks were reported in 2016 (Kym Anderson statistics).

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