Peninsula on the Black Sea with the capital Simferopol and the famous spa Yalta on the south coast. Crimea, which covers 25,600 km², is an independent republic and one of the four wine-growing regions of Ukraine. It is the home of the famous Crimean sparkling wine. The city of Sudak on the Black Sea is a famous health resort and a centre of wine and sparkling wine production. Nearby is the sunny region Solnechnaya Dolina (Sun Valley) with 300 sunny days a year, after which a large winery is named. Furthermore, the Viticulture Research Institute Magarach and the two famous, historically significant wineries Massandra and Nowyj Swet are also located here.