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The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Aubon, Caula, Conese, Coneze, Connoges, Connoise, Counèse, Counoïse, Counoïso, Counoueiso, Damas Noir, Grosse Rogettaz, Guénoise, Moustardier, Quenoise, Ribier, Rivier, Riviere. It must not be confused with the related and morphologically similar Aubun (with which it is often grown mixed in older vineyards and shares some synonyms). The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis. It yields acidic, peppery red wines, especially for blends. It is a very old variety from the Rhône, which was already mentioned in Avignon in 1626. The variety is permitted in numerous appellations on the Rhône, as well as in the Languedoc and Provence regions, such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Côtes du Rhône, Gigondas and Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. Wine pioneer James Busby (1802-1871), together with Aubun, introduced it to Australia in the early 1830s. In France, it is grown on 396 hectares. There are also small stands in Australia (1 ha) and in the US states of California and Washington (21 ha). In 2016, a total of 418 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).

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