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The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Aubon, Caula, Conese, Coneze, Connoges, Connoise, Counèse, Counoïse, Counoïso, Counoueiso, Damas Noir, Grosse Rogettaz, Guénoise, Moustardier, Quenoise and Rivier. It must not be confused with the related and morphologically similar Aubun (with which it is often grown mixed in older vineyards and shares some synonyms). The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis. It produces acidic, peppery red wines, especially for blending. It is a very old variety from the Rhône, which was already mentioned in Avignon in 1626. The variety is registered in numerous appellations on the Rhône, as well as in the regions of Languedoc and Provence, such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Côtes du Rhône, Gigondas and Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. The wine pioneer James Busby (1802-1871) introduced it in Australia together with Aubun in the early 1830s. In 2016, 396 hectares were recorded in France. Small stocks also exist in Australia (1 ha) and in the US states of California and Washington (21 ha). In 2016, a total of 418 hectares of vineyards were recorded (Kym Anderson)

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