The regional appellation extends along both banks of the Rhône for over 200 kilometres from Vienne in the north to Avignon in the south. The classification was already granted in 1937. It covers some areas of the northern and large parts of the southern section of the Rhône. This is why this appellation is sometimes used as a synonym for the whole Rhône valley. The vineyards cover 42,000 hectares of vineyards in the six départements of Ardèche, Drôme, Gard, Loire, Rhône and Vaucluse. More than 90% of the vineyards produce red wines and only 2% white wines, which is the same for the entire region. The majority of these are light, fruity red wines produced with Macération carbonique, which are marketed as primeur for quick enjoyment.