Area classified as cru (top appellation) in the northern section of the Rhône on the right bank. The name means "roasted or fried slopes" and describes the hot, dry climate or sun-drenched vineyards (analogous to the Cornas appellation further south). The area is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in France. The Romans already cultivated wine here at the turn of the century and one of the first wine lovers was the famous Roman poet Martial (40-102). The vineyards cover around 300 hectares of vines and are divided into three sub-areas. These are Tupin et Semons in the south, the central area around Ampuis and Verenay and St-Cyr-Sur-Le-Rhône in the north. A legend has grown up around the two sites Côte Brune (ferrous clay) and Côte Blonde (calcareous) in the central area. It is said that in the 16th century the feudal lord Maugiron bequeathed the property to his two daughters, one of whom was blond and the other brunette. The two types of soil produce wines with different characters.