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Area classified as Cru (top appellation) in the northern section of the Rhône on the right bank. The name means "roasted or fried slopes" and describes the hot, dry climate or the sun-drenched vineyards (analogous to the Cornas appellation further south). The area is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in France. The Romans were already cultivating vines here at the turn of the century and one of the first lovers of wine was the famous Roman poet Martial (40-102). The vineyards cover around 300 hectares of vines and are divided into three sub-areas. These are Tupin et Semons in the south, the central area around Ampuis and Verenay, and St-Cyr-Sur-Le-Rhône in the north. There is a legend surrounding the two sites in the central area, Côte Brune (ferruginous clay) and Côte Blonde (calcareous). Here, in the 16th century, the feudal lord Maugiron is said to have bequeathed the property to his two daughters, one of whom was blond and the other brunette. The two soil types produce wines with different characters.

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