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Designation (also arable land, Feldmark, Gemarkung) for the area that can be used in agriculture and also in viticulture. According to shape, location and ownership structure, there are two types of land: strips (width and length ratio over 1:5) and blocks, which can be in a single-field situation (closed around the farm) or in a mixed situation. Strips are often divided into several Gewanne (complexes of parcels of land running in the same direction and grouped in strips). Many fields or parts thereof outside settlements are named with field names, which have often been handed down over many centuries. In viticulture, these are often identical with the names for individual vineyards (Lagen) or Rieden, or are derived from them. In Austria, the Weinbauflur could be indicated as a geographical indication on the label until 2016, but it was deleted in the course of an amendment to the wine law. See also under Flurbereinigung und Rebfläche and a list under Brauchtum im Weinbau.

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Egon Mark

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Egon Mark
Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)

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