Name (also abbreviated to cordon) for a system of education in use in France since the end of the 19th century. This cordon training was proposed by Lefèvre, the director of the French agricultural college in Royat (Auvergne). Depending on the appellation, one or two cordons with four to six shoots each are grown on a short trunk and extend to the next vine. The system is intended to ensure low yields and thus better quality. The system is the fourth approved in Champagne, along with Chablis, Guyot and Vallée de la Marne. There are particularly strict guidelines for it here. It is primarily recommended for Pinot Noir. Only one cordon is allowed, on which the shoots grow upwards at a distance of at least 15 centimetres. Each shoot may have 2 eyes (3 for Chardonnay, the first is infertile). A shoot at the end, which is actually an extension of the bearing wood, is also permitted; this shoot may have up to 4 eyes (5 for Chardonnay or Pinot Noir). See also the lists of topics under the keywords vine training (systems) and vineyard management (activities).
As honorary chairman of the Domäne Wachau, it is the easiest and quickest way for me to access the wein.plus encyclopaedia when I have questions. The certainty of receiving well-founded and up-to-date information here makes it an indispensable guide.Hans-Georg Schwarz
Ehrenobmann der Domäne Wachau (Wachau)