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Colombana Nera

The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Basgnano, Bazano, Bersegano, Besegano, Besgana, Besgano di San Colombano, Besgnano, Colombana and Colombano Rosso. It was already mentioned at the end of the 16th century in a work by the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596). The name probably derives from the monastery of San Colombano in Bobbio (Emilia-Romagna). It must not be confused with the Besgano Nero variety, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Sciaccarello (Mammolo) x unknown partner. The late-maturing vine is mainly used in blending. It is mainly cultivated in Tuscany, where it is permitted, for example, in the DOC wine Colli di Luni. There are further stocks in Emilia-Romagna. There is no connection to the Lombardy DOC wine San Colombano al Lambro. In 2016, 16 hectares of vines were reported with a strong downward trend (Kym Anderson).

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