The white grape variety originates from the Mediterranean region; possibly from Italy. The name (French for gherkins) derives from the elongated shape of the berries. There are about 120 synonyms, which indicate a high age as well as the earlier wide distribution, especially in the Mediterranean countries. Some are Cara de Vaca, Cornicciola, Cornichidu, Cornichon Blanco, Cornichon Fehér, Cornichon Serpovidnii, Cornichon White, Corniola Bianca, Dedo de Doncella, Acorn Grape, Fingergrape, Female Finger, Kornishon Belyi, Kornishon Cerpovidnyi, Pizzutella, Pizzutello di Roma, Santa Paula, Uva Cornicella and Uva de Africa.
It must not be confused with the Greek variety Kontegalo (with synonym Cornichon Blanc). The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. The Russian researcher Dr. Alexander M. Negrul (1900-1971) assigned it to the group Proles orientalis in his classification of grape varieties. The variety can be used as a wine press and table grape. In 2010, however, no stock was reported (Statistics Kym Anderson).
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY