The only Grand Cru location or appellation in the municipality of Vougeot in the Burgundy region of Côte d'Or. The famous vineyard was created by Cistercian monks in the 14th century. In 1330, it was enclosed by a high wall that still exists today, several kilometres long. The monks used it as an "experimental vineyard", with the soil types changing at short intervals, which was very convenient. They are even said to have "tasted the soil" to determine the composition or terroir. They used professional methods to test which grape varieties were best suited for cultivation on which soils, as well as the best pruning and fertilization. In the upper area, the permeable, lean soils are rich in limestone and gravel. This is the site of the Château du Clos de Vougeot, where the annual meeting of the Confrérie des Chevaliers du Tastevin is held as part of "Les Trois Glorieuses" (Three Glorious Days). In the lower area along the road, the less appreciated alluvial soils of clay and loam predominate.