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In 1772, the banker and wool merchant Philippe Clicquot-Muiron founded a wine trade under the name Clicquot. This was the origin of one of the first and most famous champagne houses. Son François Clicquot (+1805) married Nicole Barbe Ponsardin (1777-1866) in 1798, the wedding took place in style in a champagne cellar. Representatives were sent to Russia in 1802 to boost exports. After the early death of her husband, the young widow took over the business and named it "Veuve Clicquot-Ponsardin" (Veuve = widow). This perfectionist woman also inspected her wine cellars at night to keep an eye on developments. She is often regarded as the first entrepreneur of modern times, her champagne was delivered to all European rulers and princes' courts. Around 1815, her cellar master Antoine de Müller succeeded in inventing the revolutionary bottle shaking, the so-called Remuage by means of shaking desks (Pupitres). Legend has it that the madame sacrificed one of her pieces of furniture for the first appliance of this kind. Until 1821, Veuve Clicquot-Ponsardin was the only company to use this new method.

Nicole Barbe Ponsardin (1777-1866) um 1860 - alle Champagner-Formate

Madame Clicquot-Ponsardin was also the inventor of the rosé champagne, until then only whiter was produced. The design of the yellow label for vintage champagne, which is still used today, was also created by her. In 1814, Madame had the cellars bricked up because she feared plundering by the Cossacks and the Prussians, who occupied the town several times between March and May. On 13 March 1814, while the French troops were liberating the town, Napoleon (1769-1821) stayed at...

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