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The island (also Khios, Xios) in the eastern Aegean Sea is the fifth largest island in Greece at 842 square kilometres and is located off the coast of the Turkish region of Anatolia. It has been inhabited for over 5,000 years. Around 700 BC, Chios became a naval power and centre of culture and trade. In its heyday, the inhabitants were among the richest in the Aegean. In ancient times, the island was considered the "Bordeaux of Greek wines". According to Greek mythology, King Oinopion (the "wine-faced one"), son of the wine god Dionysus and Ariadne, founded viticulture there. The famous poet Homer died here (8th century BC). In ancient times, the area was known as Ariousia and was associated with Ariousios Oinos, a famous wine in Greek history.

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