The Greek island (also Kefallinia, Kephallonia, Zephalonia) is the largest of the Ionian Islands with some secondary islands over 900 km². The main town is Argostolion. Already in Homer's times (8th century B.C.) wine was cultivated here. Throughout its history, the island was under the rule of the Romans, Franks, Turks, Venetians, French and English. In 1953 there was a severe earthquake, almost half of the population left the island. In the 1980s, phylloxera appeared on the island for the first time and caused very serious problems.
At an altitude of 250 to 800 metres above sea level, mainly autochthonous grape varieties are cultivated on barren, stony limestone soils. The most common variety is Robola, others are Thiniatiko(Mavrodaphne), Moscato Aspro(Muscat Blanc), Perahoritiko(Savatiano), Tsaoussi and Zakynthino. There are three POP appellations.