The Roman politician Marcius Porcius Cato the Elder (234-149 B.C., to distinguish him from his great-grandson Cato the Younger) is considered an important ancient author on viticulture. Also known as "Cato the Censor", he grew up on his father's estate near Reate near Rome. In a very short time he attained the highest state offices (Quaestor, Aedile, Praetor, Censor and Consul to Spain). Cato vehemently opposed corruption, pompousness and wastefulness and propagated the old Roman customs in contrast to the Greek culture, which he considered dangerous and perishable. Because of his dreaded severity, he was given the nickname Censorius during his tenure as censor. He is probably best known for his saying at the end of each of his senate speeches, "Ceterum censeo carthaginem esse delendam", with which he preached for many years the complete destruction of the city of Carthage (incidentally, I believe that Carthage must be destroyed). In Cato's last year of life, the Third Punic War did indeed break out, in the course of which Carthage was completely destroyed. However, three years later, in 146 B.C., he did not live to see the complete annihilation any more.