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DOC area west of Lisbon on the north side of the Tejo estuary in the Portuguese region of Lisboa. The appellation was already established in 1907. In the 18th century, the Portuguese Prime Minister Marquês de Pombal (1699-1782) owned a vineyard with a castle near Oeiras. He issued a decree that Carcavelos wine could be blended with port wine. At that time, Carcavelos wine was very popular in England and fetched the highest prices at an auction at Christie's in London in 1769. In the 19th century, the wines from Carcavelos were famous and were equated with Port, Madeira and Moscatel de Setúbal. In the past, the vineyards, which are much larger than today, were spread out like islands between Cascais in the west and Lisbon in the east. Today, the vineyards north of Oeiras and west of Cascais on calcareous red earth soils cover only 12 hectares. The maritime-Atlantic climate is characterised by mild winters and not too hot, dry summers and sufficient rain in late autumn and winter.

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Egon Mark
Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)

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