The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Canari, Pinot Gris Mendoza(Argentina); Canaril, Canarill, Carcassès, Gamay Luverdon, Ondenc Noir(France); Luverdon(Italy); Batista(Spain); Folle Noire(Uruguay). It must not be confused with the Cot or Gamay varieties, despite the fact that synonyms or morphological similarities appear to indicate this. Nothing is known about its parentage (parenthood) or any relationship to the white variety Ondenc. The medium to late-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to botrytis. It produces light red, low-alcohol red wines of simple quality. Two colour mutations are Canari Blanc and Canari Gris. The variety was formerly widespread in the two southern départements of Ardèche and Haute-Garonne. Today, it is threatened with extinction; in 2010, no stock was identified in France.
The variety was probably more widespread than previously thought. Surprisingly, DNA analyses revealed that Luverdon or Gamay Luverdon (2001) grown in Piedmont, Italy, and Batista (2003) grown in Spain are identical. It was introduced by immigrants in South America in the 19th century, where it was/is most common in Argentina. There it was confused with Pinot Gris for a long time and was called Pinot Gris Mendoza, which was only cleared up by the French ampelographer Paul Truel (1924-2014). In 2010, 139 hectares were recorded in Argentina and 13 hectares in Uruguay, making a total of 152 hectares (Kym Anderson statistics).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012