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The Autonomous Region of the Canary Islands (Spanish: Islas Canarias) belongs to Spain and is located in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of Africa at the level of Morocco. The archipelago consists of eight inhabited and a number of uninhabited islands and covers a total of 7,447 km². The distance to mainland Spain is 1,100 km, but the easternmost island, Lanzarote, is only 100 km from Africa. 550 km to the north is the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira. The north-south extension of the Canaries is 212 km and the west-east extension 340 km. The region consists of two provinces, each with a capital:

Kanarische Inseln - Karte

  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife with the 4 islands La Gomera, La Palma, El Hierro and Tenerife (capital is Santa Cruz de Tenerife).
  • Las Palmas with the 3 islands Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote (capital is Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

History

When the Romans landed on the island of Fuerteventura in ancient times, they found numerous packs of wild dogs, so they named the island "Insula Canaria" (Island of Dogs). In 1402, a Spanish ship landed on Gran Canaria and found the original Guanche population there, living as they did in the Stone Age. The Spaniards and Portuguese brought their native grape varieties with them until the end of the century and founded viticulture. At that time, sweet, alcohol-heavy wines were popular, made from the white varieties Moscatel and Malvasia. The wine was called "canary sack" and was exported in large quantities to England and northern Europe. By the time of William Shakespeare (1564-1616), the island wine was already famous; in "What You Will", Sir Toby Belch asks for "a cup of canary".

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Andreas Essl
Autor, Modena

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,385 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,719 Pronunciations · 202,894 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon

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