The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Caccione Nero, Cagnina, Canaiolo, Canaiolo Toscano, Canajolo Nero, Canaiolo Romano, Canajuola, Canina, Cannaiola di Marta, Cannaiola Macchie di Marta, Uva Canina and Uva dei Cani. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms, it must not be confused with the variety Colorino del Valdarno. The pink-berry Canaiolo Rosa is a colour mutation; however, there is no relationship to the white-berry Canaiolo Bianco (Drupeggio). According to one hypothesis, an ancestor was already known to the Etruscans and was therefore called Vitis vinifera etrusca. What is certain, however, is that it was mentioned as early as 1303 by the scholar Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1321). The agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) described it under the name Canaiuola at the end of the 16th century as one of the best Tuscan varieties. Before the Chianti recipe recommended by Baron Ricasoli (1809-1880), the variety played an important role and was even more important than today's main grape variety Sangiovese from the 18th to the 19th century.