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Campbell Early

The red grape variety is a complex interspecific new variety between Moore Early (Concord - open-pollinated) x (Belvidere x Muscat d'Hamburg). Synonyms are Campbell, Campbell's Early, Early Campbell and Island Belle. Genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera are included. The hybrid was crossed in Ohio in 1890 by the private breeder George W. Campbell (1817-1898). It was a crossing partner of the new varieties Mars, Niabell and Super Hamburg. The early to medium ripening vine is resistant to frost down to minus 26 °Celsius and fungal diseases. The grapes have a discreet foxtone flavour. The variety is mainly used for the production of table gra pes and grape juice, as well as for sparkling wines. Due to its attractive leaves, it is also suitable as an ornamental vine. It is particularly popular in South Korea, where more than 15,000 hectares were planted with it towards the end of the 1990s. However, it is hardly used for wine there. In Japan, it is cultivated on 238 hectares of vineyards (2016 Kym Anderson statistics). A mutation that originated here is the variety Ishihara Wase. Other stocks are said to exist in the northeastern USA and in Canada.

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Markus J. Eser

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Markus J. Eser
Weinakademiker und Herausgeber „Der Weinkalender“

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