The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Caiño Redondo, Camaralet Noir, Camarau, Couxco, Espadeiro, Gros Noir, Multicoloured Camarau, Kamarau, Moustardet, Plant Sauvage, Sparse Menue and Torneiro. The variety was mentioned in 1909 by Victor Vermorel (1848-1927) and Pierre Viala (1859-1936) in the work "Ampélographie". The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. It must not be confused with the Portuguese variety Espadeiro, but is identical to the Spanish Caiño Redondo (Espadeiro). According to DNA-analyses there is a close relationship to Arrouya and Penouille, as well as a parentage for Castets. It is not a colour mutation of the white variety Camaraou Blanc.
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