The red grape variety comes from Turkey; the name means "Black of Kalecik". Synonyms are Adakarasi, Calkarasi, Hasanede, Horozkarasi, Kara Kalecik and Papazkarasi. According to one hypothesis, the variety or an ancestor was already cultivated around 1,500 BC in the Hittite Empire, which covered large parts of today's Anatolia, but of course this can no longer be verified. In spite of apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Adakarasi, Calkarasi, Horozkarasi, Papazkarasi or Sungurlu (but it is assumed that some of them are identical).
The medium maturing vine is susceptible to botrytis. It produces acidic red wines with soft tannins and pronounced aromas of sour cherries and raspberries. The variety was almost eradicated in the 1960s due to phylloxera infestation, but was reactivated through the combined efforts of the University of Ankara and Kavaklidere Winery. Today it is the most important red wine variety in Central Anatolia. It is mainly grown around the capital Ankara in the eponymous district of Kalecik. The vineyards are situated at an altitude of 600 to 900 metres above sea level on the steep slopes of the Kizilirmark (Red River). There are others in Cappadocia and Thrace. In 2010, 861 hectares of vineyard area were designated (statistics Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012