Smallest geographical unit of vineyard area in Germany with protected status. The wine law term "cadastral site" is defined in the same way as the individual vineyard site (the next largest wine law unit), but with a slightly different status. The origin of each cadastral layer is always a Gewann, but by far not all of the many hundreds of Gewannen are classified as cadastral layers. In the course of the land consolidation in 1971, many such small units were combined into a single layer. The cadastral layers classified in the Gewanne and the cadastral layers classified from them are often characterised by their particular microclimate and soil or layer-specific character. The picture shows the single vineyard Eselshaut in the municipality of Mußbach (cultivation area Pfalz) with the three Gewannen Am Rothenstein, Beim Steinernen Bild and Dreißig Morgen, which are registered as cadastral sites.
Entry in the vineyard register is possible since 2014. Only after registration can the full name of the cadastral site be used for the geographical designation right(PDO). In terms of wine law, individual vineyard sites and registered cadastral sites have the same background, but the application procedure is very different. A cadastral site is applied for by a wine-growing enterprise, a single site by the municipality / city administration. The prerequisite for an application is a current property map from the Surveying and Cadastral Office with the registered name of the vineyard and the name of the individual vineyard plot. A site can also extend over two individual sites (e.g. Auf der Ley, Nahe). The application must be made by a wine-growing enterprise that cultivates there. For quality wines(PDO), the name may then appear on the bottle label together with the individual vineyard or municipality. Accordingly, this can be done in the form "municipality/individual vineyard/cadastral site" or "municipality/cadastral site". All other farms there can also optionally use these cadastral location names.
According to the regulations of the Landwirtschaftskammer Rheinland-Pfalz, the grape must or wine must reach a natural must weight that corresponds to that for the Prädikatsstufe Kabinett. In the VDP classification model, such cadastral vineyard sites/vines are often classified as Grosses Lage due to their different quality characteristics compared to the rest of the usually much larger individual vineyard sites. Cadastral layers correspond to the terms Climat or Lieu-dit, which are commonly used in France. See also lists of keywords relevant to the vineyard under vineyard area and wine quality grades under quality system.