Popular name for single vineyard sites in Germany, usually referring to an existing or former elevated castle or fortress.
The name originated in the 14th century in reference to Layen Castle and appears in the register of sites in 1819. The vineyard, which faces south to south-east in the form of an amphitheatre at an altitude of 190 to 290 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 45 to 60%, comprises almost four hectares of vines. The loamy soil, partly interspersed with slate and pebbles, has a high proportion of Taunus quartzite. Riesling is cultivated here above all. Since the cold air is dammed up at the foot of the slope during frosty winter nights, the area is suitable for the production of ice wines. The Kruger-Rumpf, Schlossgut Diel and Schömehl wineries, for example, have their share of the site.
The vineyards, which are oriented to the west-southwest and have a slope of 5 to 10%, comprise 35 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of limestone and loess with sandy, stony loam to clay. The varieties cultivated here include Riesling,Pinot Blanc, Müller-Thurgau,Pinot Noir and Dornfelder. Shares in the vineyard are, for example, held by the wineries Bettenheimer, Eimann & Söhne and Gräff-Schmitt.
There are other individual sites called Burgberg in the municipalities or growing areas of Abstatt (Württemberg), Alken (Moselle), Auenstein (Württemberg), Mayschoß (Ahr), Fell with Maximiner Burgberg (Moselle), Lösnich, Olewig (Moselle), Steinheim (Württemberg), Traben-Trarbach and Trier (Moselle). In the Franconian growing area there is a large vineyard called Burgberg.