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Bull Ephraim

The American farmer and "Father of the Concord Grape" Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) was born in Boston. He bought 17 acres of land near the town of Concord in the US state of Massachusetts and began breeding experiments with wild vines and other fruits. His efforts were initially unsuccessful, as harsh winters with frosts destroyed his crops. Then, in 1843, he planted the seeds of a wild vine of the species Vitis labrusca, which grew en masse in the forests of New England. From 22,000 seedlings, he selected a single vine from a six-year laborious process that lasted until 1849 and which he considered worthy of further propagation. He continued to work with this vine and in 1853 he introduced the vine, which was given the name Concord in 1854.

Bull Ephraim - Porträt und Haus

The grape variety quickly became successful and spread with great speed in some states in the northeastern USA and also in Canada. Today, about 75% of all grape varieties on the East Coast are derived from this variety. The open flowered seedlings Cottage and Ester were selected by Ephraim Bull. He sold Concord vines for $1,000 a piece, which was an enormous sum at the time. Nevertheless he died bitter and in poverty. On his gravestone in Concord's cemetery "Sleepy Hollow Cemetery" there is an inscription "He sowed, others reaped". His farmhouse, where the vine was developed, has been preserved and stands today on Concord's Lexington Street.

Bull Ephraim - Schild und Concordtrauben

Picture left above: DeadFred Genealogy Photo Archive
Picture right above: By unkown - Public Domain, Link
Picture left below: Bikeable assumed, Own work CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Picture right below: By Wolfgang Lendl - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

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