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Bull Ephraim

The American farmer and "Father of the Concord Grape" Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) was born in Boston. He bought 17 acres of land near the town of Concord in the US state of Massachusetts and began breeding experiments with wild vines and other fruits. His efforts were initially unsuccessful, as harsh winters with frosts destroyed his crops. Then, in 1843, he planted the seeds of a wild vine of the species Vitis labrusca, which grew en masse in the forests of New England. From 22,000 seedlings, he selected a single vine from a six-year laborious process that lasted until 1849 and which he considered worthy of further propagation. He continued to work with this vine and in 1853 he introduced the vine, which was given the name Concord in 1854.

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