DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region of Tuscany. The zone includes the slopes surrounding the picturesque hilltop town of Montalcino, 40 kilometres south of Siena in the province of the same name. Other DOC areas in Montalcino are Moscadello di Montalcino, Rosso di Montalcino and Sant'Antimo. Brunello di Montalcino is made from 100% pure Brunello, a clone of the Sangiovese variety selected in the 1870s at the Il Greppo estate of the Biondi-Santi family. A wine from it was first produced by Clemente Santi in 1865 under the name "Vino Rosso Scelto". Ferruccio Biondi-Santi - the grandson of the "inventor" - continued the selection process and thus planted a large part of his vineyards.