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Breeding

The ancient civilisations of the Assyrians, Egyptians, Babylonians, Chinese, Persians and Phoenicians were probably already engaged in the deliberate breeding of plants and thus also grape varieties based on wild vines. The fact that new varieties could be obtained by sowing seeds had probably been known for a very long time. Presumably, the Persians and later the Arabs in the early Middle Ages had already deliberately bred large-berried table grapes that spread throughout the Mediterranean region as far as Spain (Negrul's Proles orientalis). Modern breeding as a deliberate, manually induced crossing of two parent varieties with the targeted use of paternal pollen probably only began in Christian Europe with the start of botanical systematics, for which Carl von Linné (1707-1778) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) laid the scientific foundations.

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