1157 is considered the founding year of the Mark Brandenburg, in which Albrecht I, or Albrecht of Saxony alias Albrecht the Bear (1100-1170) appropriated the territory with the reconquest of Brandenburg and made it part of the Holy Roman Empire. Through its development into the Electorate of Brandenburg since the end of the 12th century, it played an important role in German history. In 1701 the new state or kingdom of Prussia was created and Brandenburg became a province. When the GDR was founded in 1949, Brandenburg became part of the new state, but the part east of the Oder-Neisse line fell to Poland. After the reunification in 1990 the federal state of Brandenburg was created in the northeast of Germany with the capital Potsdam. In its centre, Brandenburg surrounds the German capital Berlin and forms the European metropolitan region Berlin/Brandenburg.
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