The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Aubet, Bouchalès à Buzet, Bouchalès Chedy, Bouchalets, Bouissalet, Capbreton Rouge, Cayla, Gros Bouchalès, Gros Boucharès, Gros de Judith, Grappu, Grappu de la Dordogne, Grapput, Picardan Noir, Prolongeau, Toussan, Touzan. Although it seems to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with Cinsaut (Picardan Noir), Cot or Mérille (the latter two with the synonym Bouchalès). It is not a mutation of the white variety Arrufiac (synonym Bouisselet). The variety is a parent of Raffiat de Moncade. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to both mildew and black rot. It produces colourful red wines with pronounced tannins but low alcohol content. Its origins lie in the Garonne valley. It was once widespread in southwest France and Bordeaux and still occupied around 5,000 hectares at the beginning of the 1960s, but has shrunk considerably due to difficult cultivation. In 2016 only 93 hectares were designated (Kym Anderson).
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