The red grape variety originates from Turkey. Synonyms are Boğazkarasi, Saraplik Siyah, Saraplik Uezuem and Siyah Saraplik. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, the Saraplik Siyah variety, which was previously considered distinct, is identical. There is also a parent-offspring relationship with the almost extinct Morek. Further analyses carried out in 2009 suggest a relationship with the two varieties Kabarcik Beyaz and Öküzgözü. The medium to late maturing vine is suitable for hot, dry climates. It does not produce very colourful but full-bodied, tannic red wines with aromas of dark fruits, tobacco and leather, which is also indicated by the name (meaning "burning neck"). The variety is mainly cultivated in the province of Diyarbakir in south-east Anatolia and in the west of the country on the Aegean coast. There, it is mainly used as a blending partner in numerous cuvées such as Buzbag, Doluza Antik (Doluca), Kirmizi (Kavaklidere) and Yakut, but it is also partly grown as a single variety. The variety is also used as table grape. In 2016, 1,436 hectares of vineyards were reported in Turkey (Kym Anderson statistics).
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