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The red grape variety originates from Turkey. Synonyms are Bogazkarasi and Saraplik Siyah. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, the Saraplik Siyah variety, which was previously considered independent, is identical. There is also a parent-offspring relationship with the almost extinct Morek. Further analyses carried out in 2009 suggest a relationship with the two varieties Kabarcik Beyaz and Öküzgözü. The medium to late ripening vine is suitable for hot, dry climate. It produces not very colourful, but full-bodied, tannic red wines with aromas of dark fruit, tobacco and leather, which is also indicated by the name (meaning "burning neck")

The variety is mainly grown in the province of Diyarbakir in south-east Anatolia and in the west of the country on the Aegean coast. There, it is mainly used as a blending partner in numerous cuvées such as Buzbag, Doluza Antik (Doluca), Kirmizi(Kavaklidere) and Yakut, but is also partly developed as a single variety. The variety is also used as a table grape. In 2010, the area under cultivation in Turkey amounted to 1,106 hectares, which represents an increase of more than 40% compared to 2000

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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