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The "Tenuta Il Greppo di Franco Biondi Santi" was founded in 1840 two kilometres south of the town of Montalcino in the Italian region of Tuscany by Clemente Santi (1795-1885). The name "Il Greppo" comes from the steep slopes on the site. The founder's daughter Caterina Santi and Jacopo Biondi continued to expand the winery. Their son Ferruccio Biondi-Santi (1848-1916) continued the efforts already begun by his grandfather to select high-quality Sangiovese vines. He finally created the Sangiovese variety Brunello and in 1888 produced a dry red wine in the style of Barolo for the first time, which later became famous as the DOCG red wine Brunello di Montalcino. Until after the Second World War, this was produced commercially exclusively by the house of Biondi-Santi. Ferruccio introduced an extremely elaborate cellar technique for the Riserva version, which was consistently continued by his son Tancredi.

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