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Bical

The white grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Arinto de Alcobaça, Bical de Bairrada, Borrado das Moscas, Fernão Pires Galego, Pintado das Moscas, Pintado dos Pardais and Torrontés. It must not be confused with the varieties Arinto (Arinto de Bucelas) or Fernão Pires, even if they appear to have synonyms or morphological similarities. There is also no connection with the red variety Touriga Nacional (with confusing synonyms Bical or Bical Tinto). The name means "acidulous". The synonym Borrado das Moscas (engl. fly droppings) indicates the small dark spots on the berries. The very early ripening vine is susceptible to both types of mildew, botrytis and trickle. It produces acidic, ageing white wines with aromas of tropical fruits and peaches. These are mainly used for blending and sparkling wine production. The variety is most common in the Bairrada, Beiras, Dão, Douro, Ribatejo, Távora-Varosa and Trás-os-Montes areas. The total area under cultivation in 2010 was 924 hectares

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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