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Bauhin

The famous family of scholars produced some important personalities:

Jean Bauhin

The French physician Jean Bauhin (1511-1582) converted to the Reformed faith. In the course of the persecution of the Huguenots, he fled to Basel in Switzerland. He founded the Bauhin family of scholars, which produced numerous scientists until the 18th century. His sons Caspar and Johann became famous doctors and botanists.

Bauhin, Jean Bauhion, Caspar Bauhin, Cover Pinac theatri botanici und Johannes Bauhin

Caspar Bauhin

His son Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624) studied medicine at the University of Basel and botany at the University of Tübingen; his botanical abbreviation is "C.BAUHIN". From 1589 he was a lecturer and then the first full professor of anatomy and botany at the University of Basel. He is regarded as one of the "fathers of botany" with regard to naming (nomenclature), individual descriptions (physiognomy) and arrangement according to habitual similarities (systematics). Caspar Bauhin was the first to completely differentiate between species and genus and described around 5,640 plant species known at the time in his botanical works "Prodomus" and "Pinax theatri botanici". Among other things, he also described the American grapevine species Vitis labrusca for the first time. In doing so, he also influenced the classification of grapevine systematics.

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