One of the twelve apostles of Jesus (Gospel of Mark 3, 14-19). The name means "son of the furrow puller". He was led from the circle of John's disciples at the Jordan River by Philip to Jesus under his Israelite name Nathanael of Cana. Legends also see him as the bridegroom of the wedding at Cana (Gospel of John 2:1-11). He is credited with spreading the Gospel in Egypt, Armenia, India and Persia, healing the sick and the possessed. According to legend, in Armenia he was skinned alive and then crucified upside down. According to another version he was decapitated. Bartholomew is the patron saint of miners, plasterers, farmers, winegrowers, shepherds, leather workers, tanners, saddlers, shoemakers, tailors, bakers, butchers, bookbinders, and oil and cheese merchants. His day of remembrance is 24 August. Calendar sayings referring to this date and the apostle are: 1) Rain on St. Bartolomä - hurts the vines bitterly. 2) As the weather is on St. Bartholomew's day, winter is measured by it". See also under Farming Rules and Wine Saints.