A name often used in Italy for grape varieties. The first mention of a Barbarossa from Tuscany was in 1600 by the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596). The name could refer to the colour and shape of the grapes. Another version refers to the German Staufer Emperor Frederick I (1122-1190), who was nicknamed "Barbarossa" after his beard. He stayed at a castle in Emilia-Romagna in 1177. Here, in Bertinoro (Forlì-Cesena), in an ancient vineyard at the foot of the castle, a vine was discovered and selected by winemaker Mario Pezzi (Fattoria Paradiso) in 1955. The shape of this vine is said to correspond to the outline of the castle or the emperor's beard.