Well-known wine-growing community in the Lower Austrian wine-growing region Thermenregion on the edge of the Pannonian lowlands in one of the sunniest zones of Austria. The first "spa guests" in today's town of Baden with its ancient, curative springs were the Romans, who under Emperor Probus (232-282) planted Italian vines here (a Probusgasse reminds us of this). Baden's viticulture was first mentioned in 1113, when the monastery of Klosterneuburg came into possession of five vineyards as a gift. The oldest right to the "Buschenschank" (see also Leitgeben) dates from 1459 and one of the "most prominent visitors" was Kara Mustapha (~1630-1683). When the Turkish commander-in-chief fell ill during the second siege of Vienna in 1683, he travelled to Baden and recovered very quickly thanks to the medicinal springs. He is said to have violated the Islamic prohibition of alcohol.
Today, about one hundred winegrowers cultivate 280 hectares of vineyards on the steep slopes of the Römerberg and Hardterberg. A region-specific brand is the "Badener Lumpentürl", a white wine made from Neuburg grapes. The name comes from the time when the town was still surrounded by city walls. To enable the late revellers (the licentious "Lumpen") to return despite the town gates being closed at nightfall, a small door was inserted into the wall which was always open. In Baden there is one of the examination offices for the issue of the State examination number.