The red grape variety comes from Dalmatia in Croatia. Synonyms are Babica, Babica Crni, Babica Gresljivka Crni, Babica Plosnata, Babić Mali, Babić Pivati, Babić Pluskavi, Babić Veliki, Crnac Rani, Divljak Zadar, Rogoznička, Rogoznicanin, Roguljanac and Sibencanac. In spite of apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Babica or Plavac Mali varieties. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2009, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the variety Dobričić. As Dobričić is a parent of the Plavac Mali variety, there is also a closer relationship to this variety.
The medium to late-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to botrytis. With correspondingly low yields, it produces dark-coloured, full-bodied red wines with a peppery taste and gentle tannins, which also have ageing potential. In Croatia it is mainly cultivated on the Dalmatian coast and on the islands of Brac, Hvar, Vis, Korčula and Peljesac. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 359 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Picture right: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)