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The Roman poet and politician Decimus Magnus Ausonius (310-395) was born in Roman Burdigala(Bordeaux) as the son of a wealthy family. He was the educator of the later Roman emperor Gratian (359-383), who later appointed him consul in Augusta Treverorum (today's Trier), the Roman administrative capital of Gaul. It was here that the Romans established the cultivation of wine. Ausonius owned a vineyard of about 1,100 acres in Lucaniacus on the Garonne in what is now Saint-Émilion. It is possible that the Château Ausone, named after him, is located there today, or perhaps, according to more recent findings, the Château La Gaffelière, which also claims this place for itself. He also wrote a detailed description of the wines of the Gironde. He also praised the wines from Mâconnais in Burgundy.

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