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The Roman poet and politician Decimus Magnus Ausonius (310-395) was born in Burdigala (Bordeaux) in Rome to a wealthy family. He was the tutor of the later Roman Emperor Gratian (359-383), who later appointed him consul in Augusta Treverorum (today's Trier), the Roman administrative capital of Gaul. It was here that the Romans established viticulture. Ausonius owned a vineyard of about 1,100 acres in Lucaniacus on the Garonne in what is now the Saint-Émilion area. It is possible that the Château Ausone named after him is located there today, or perhaps the Château La Gaffelière, which also claims this place. He also wrote a detailed description of the wines of the Gironde. He also praised the wines from the Burgundian Mâconnais.

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