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Asian Vines

In the case of grapevine, only the genus Vitis is of importance for viticulture. The genus Vitis is divided into the two subgenera (subgenus) Vitis subg. Vitis (with 60 species) and Vitis subg. Muscadinia (with 1 species). According to the geographical occurrence, the subgenus Vitis subg . V itis is divided into a European, an American and an Asian group. The latter is the name for all wild v ines originating from Asia with about 30 subspecies (sub-species). The Asian vines comprise about 30 subspecies, several new subspecies have been described from China in recent years. The three most important Asian wild vine subspecies for viticulture are:

These are mainly found in China, Japan and Korea. They are less important for winemaking, but due to their high resistance to hardest frost up to minus 35 °Celsius and more, they are interesting for new cultivars. The DNA structure of the Asian vines consists of 19 chromosome pairs (2n = 38), which is why they can be crossed without any problems with all European vines and the Vitis subg. Vitis-American vines. See also under grapevine systematics and wild gra pevines.

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