The US state with the capital Phoenix is located in the extreme southwest of the USA. In the 16th century, Catholic Spanish missionaries first came to the area. They planted the first vineyards in order to press the wine for the mass. The vineyards cover only about 200 hectares, most of which are located in the southeast around Tucson near the border with Mexico. Sonoita is classified as the only AVA area besides the Arizona State Appellation. Mainly European varieties are cultivated. On the reddish soil (see under Terra Rossa) the red wine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Mourvèdre(Monastrell), Durif, Syrah, Nebbiolo and Sangiovese thrive particularly well. The main white wine varieties are Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier. Among the most famous producers are Callaghan Vineyards, Colibri Vineyard and Winery, Dos Cabezas, Echo Canyon, Fort Bowie Vineyards and, as the largest company, Kokopelli.