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The southernmost region of Portugal is not so much known for its viticulture, but mainly (besides Alentejo) as an important area for the production of corks. Although wines were exported to England in the 14th and 15th centuries, many vineyards were cleared in the 17th century in favour of oak forests. In 1980 a classification to the DOC area followed. In the meantime, however, a downgrading to Vinho Regional (VR) and an elevation of the former IPR areas of Lagoa, Lagos, Portimão and Tavira as DOC areas was made. Mainly high-alcohol red wines are produced from the autochthonous varieties Bastardo(Alfrocheiro), Moreto do Alentejo, Negramoll and Periquita(Castelão Francês). The main white wine varieties are Arinto, Diagalves, Perrum(Pedro Ximénez), Rabo de Ovelha and Tamarez d'Algarve(Síria). The white wines are partly produced in the style of sherry.

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