The US wine-growing pioneer John Adlum (1759-1836) is considered "the father of American viticulture". After a military career in the War of Independence, he became a surveyor and in 1814 moved with his family to the federal district of Washington, DC. Two years later, he bought land in what is now the Northwest residential area of Cleveland Park and began to grow wine. He first tried to grow vines from Europe, but they succumbed to diseases such as mildew and phylloxera. Around 1820 he got the historical variety Catawba, which he later named after himself, from a family Scholl in the US state of Maryland. The vine had arrived there from North Carolina several years earlier. The Scholl family claimed that the variety was a Tokaj vine from Hungary. Adlum planted it on 200 acres at his vineyard "The Vineyard". He later stated that it could by no means be a Tokaj vine.