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DO area on the Spanish island of Tenerife; see under Canary Islands

The Canary Islands (span. Canarias), which belong to Spain, cover an area of about 7,500 km² and are located in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of Africa. That is 1.100 km from the mainland Spain, but the easternmost island Lanzarote is only 100 km away from Africa(Morocco). When the Romans landed on the island of Fuerteventura in ancient times, they found numerous packs of wild dogs, therefore they called the island "Insula Canaria" (Dog Island). In 1402 a Spanish ship landed on Gran Canaria and found there the original population of the Guanches, this people still lived as in the stone age. The Spaniards and Portgiese brought their native grape varieties with them until the end of this century and founded the viticulture. At that time, sweet, alcoholic wines were popular, which were made from the white varieties Moscatel and Malvasia. The wine was called "canary sack" and was exported in large quantities to England and Northern Europe. At the time of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) the island wine was already famous. In "What You Will" Sir Toby Belch asks for "a cup of canary".

The seven main islands are Fuerteventura, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, El Hierro, Lanzarote, La Palma and Tenerife, all of which have vineyards. They are volcanic islands, the last eruption took place on La Palma in 1971. For this reason, the soil is volcanic and is very suitable for vine growing. The subtropical and pleasant climate, which is uniform and pleasant throughout the year, has earned the archipelago the nickname "Islands of Eternal Spring". The flora is characterized by a high biodiversity and a high percentage of autochthonous plant species. The vineyards cover about 9,000 hectares of vines. A special feature are the exclusively rootless vines, as the archipelago has been largely spared from...

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